This webpage has references to articles/reports that examine a range of issues in a specific town, county or region.
- - 1026 - [April 10, 2014] - Multi-State Shale Research Collaborative, Multi-State Shale Research Collaborative - "Case Studies: Assessing the Costs and Benefits of Natural Gas Development"
- "Researchers with the Multi-State Shale Research Collaborative set out to document the impact of shale drilling on the economy, community, government agencies, and human services in four counties with significant shale development – Carroll County in Ohio, Greene and Tioga counties in Pennsylvania, and Wetzel County in West Virginia. Using publicly available data, press reports, and local interviews, the collaborative has identified both the benefits and costs of drilling, and ways in which these communities have been transformed as a result."
- - 1158 - [April 2014] - Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, Sharon Ward, Diana Polson and Mark Price - "Measuring the Costs and Benefits of Natural Gas Development in Tioga County, Pennsylvania: - A Case Study"
- "Tioga County has been at the center of Pennsylvania’s natural gas boom. With more than 800 wells drilled in just five years and 13% of all unconventional gas wells in the state, it is the ideal county to assess the costs and benefits of rapid and sustained natural gas development.
The report is part of a larger examination of the social costs of gas drilling in rural communities in West Virginia, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.
This bucolic county that has capitalized on its natural beauty through tourism and logging, and as a destination for adults looking for a second or retirement home, was transformed with the coming of the gas industry. The boom brought an influx of out-of-state workers, industrial gas drilling sites, and a flood of heavy truck traffic. There was new construction and industrial development: a new wastewater processing facility and a concrete plant were built, and a dormant rail line from New York was placed back into service to carry sand and water to drill sites.
There was also an increase in crime, rapidly escalating housing costs, and a rise in homelessness. And longtime residents no longer knew all the faces in the diner in the morning.
The most significant finding is one that surprised us. While there were some notable economic benefits to the community, including a drop in the unemployment rate and a rise in employment, those benefits proved to be temporary, as the industry moved out, ....
Businesses opened during the boom are closed today, and individuals who left stable employment for higher-paying jobs with the drillers returned in search of a more standard work schedule or are out of work altogether"
- - 1160 - [January 2012] - PennState - College of Agricultural Sciences - Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, Timothy W. Kelsey (Penn State), Martin Shields (Colorado State), James R. Ladlee (Penn State), and Melissa Ward (Penn State), in cooperation with Tracy L. Brundage (Penn College), Larry L. Michael (Penn College), and Thomas B. Murphy (Penn State) - "Economic Impacts of Marcellus Shale in Tioga County: Employment and Income in 2010"
- "Due to the regional nature of the work and the high specialization of the businesses, equipment, and tasks involved in gas development, it is clear that many of the economic benefits of Marcellus Shale development are occurring outside of the counties where drilling is being done. Many of the firms doing the work are regional, national, or international companies, with little formal footprint in the individual counties with drilling, and they are bringing in specialized equipment and supplies, which are not directly available from local county-based businesses."